Seeking Solutions to Climate Change

Nov. 2, 2017
Women’s City Club

Photos are here

Hurricane Harvey illustrated what a serious threat global warming is to a developed nation. Much warmer waters in the Gulf of Mexico, a result of the increasing greenhouse effect, strengthened Hurricane Harvey resulting in a tragedy in Texas. Hurricane Irma wreaked havoc on Florida and Hurricane Maria decimated the US territory of Puerto Rico, producing a human catastrophe which will take months to resolve. The energy released by a hurricane is estimated at the equivalent of a million atomic bombs of the Hiroshima type – per day. Extreme weather will only worsen as the planet warms. Human civilization is dependent on energy sources. Can we mitigate global warming and if so, how can we do so without creating social and economic chaos?

We have two excellent climate change related presentations for the November 2 League Day. Dr. John Odell is Professor Emeritus of International Relations at USC and a Senior Fellow of the Centre for International Governance Innovation. He received his B.A. from the University of Texas and an M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He will discuss Practical Remedies for Climate Change with an emphasis on economic implications.

Our second speaker is Bill Carnahan from the Los Angeles County Office of Sustainability. Mr. Carnahan is the interim Executive Director of Los Angeles County Community Choice Energy (LACCE). He will explain the Community Choice Aggregation (CCA) program. This program separates the purchase of energy sources from the transmission and billing functions administered by the utility company. Local jurisdictions will be able to control their energy sources by creating a local board which will choose the energy source and be able to move to renewable sources of energy more quickly. The CCA program will also have financial control of these purchases and with the profit will be able to invest in new renewable energy sources.

The Natural Resources Committee members believe that moving to renewable energy sources as soon as possible is a significant and necessary first step toward saving the environment in which we live. We look forward to an interesting and informative morning with great speakers. Please join us!

The Cost of Healthcare

PeterMendelHeaderOctober 5, 2017
Women’s City Club
Slideshow is here

Our morning speaker will be Peter Mendel, PhD, a Senior Sociologist at the RAND Corporation, a nonprofit, nonpartisan policy research institute based in Santa Monica, California. Dr. Mendel is no stranger to healthcare topics. His research has focused on change and improvement in healthcare systems, from evaluations of national programs (such as the National ActionPlan to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections) to local initiatives (such as engaging low-income communities in Los Angeles to improve access and quality of depression care). He has also conducted international research comparing the experiences of leading hospitals in the United States and Europe on sustaining efforts to improve quality and safety. A common interest throughout his work is to understand how local providers of healthcare and related services respond to broader changes in policy, industry, and social trends, and how those responses affect both the quality and value of health services on which we rely, as well as the health and well-being of communities.

 

Falling Through the Safety Net

SafetyNet

Thursday, April 6, 2017
Women’s City Club

Dramatic changes are forecast by the new Trump administration, including the cutting of budgets of programs upon which low income households have come to rely. Budgets may also be cut for civil rights enforcement. Our April League Day will explore some of the anticipated ramifications for households that rely on safety-net programs and civil rights protections. Our speakers will include:

Clarissa Woo Hermosillo is the ACLU’s Southern California director of policy advocacy. She has previously worked on campaigns or bills supporting quality and affordable healthcare, compassionate end-of-life choices, criminal-justice reform. Hermosillo will address important safety-net/public-benefit and health programs.

Sharon Kinlaw is the Executive Director, Fair Housing Council of San Fernando Valley. She will address fair housing and civil rights concerns.

Carmen Iguina is a staff attorney in the ACLU’s Southern California office. She specializes in immigrants’ rights and police practices. Iguina will address the legality of the Trump Administration’s threat to defund cities and states that declare themselves as sanctuaries for immigrants and refuse to use local resources to enforce federal immigration laws.

The speakers will also propose actions that can be taken to assist at-risk programs and households.

—Michelle White

At the April 6 League Day, three knowledgeable women informed us of the impacts on the human landscape caused by recent executive orders and legislative actions.

Clarissa Woo Hermosillo, the ACLU’s Southern California director of policy advocacy, reminded us that 20 percent of Californians live in poverty, and California has the largest population of poor people in the nation, and that these will be the people most harmed by efforts to repeal the Affordable Care Act (ACA). She said that the philosophy behind the legislation to repeal ACA is that healthcare is not a basic human right, vital to the well-being and prosperous future of a modern nation. Rather, healthcare is the responsibility of the individual, who has the freedom to purchase insurance or not. This was the system before the ACA, and it wasn’t working very well then.

On the day the ACA is repealed, 24 million Americans will be uninsured, five million of them in California. Medicaid payments to states would be slashed and distributed in block grants to states. The disabled and poor people who depend on Medicaid would lose dental and vision care, the medications available to them would be limited, and the number of clinics and treatment providers would be decreased. The move to repeal and replace the ACA was defeated once, but another bill was placed before the House of Representatives in early April, and we can expect such attempts to continue. She urged us to contact our representatives and senators, even if they represent our own point of view, because they will listen.

Hermosillo also said that defunding Planned Parenthood would affect 850,000 women in California who depend on it for family planning, contraceptives, and gynecological care. She stated that costs will continue to rise for everyone, as states scramble to provide care to people turning to emergency rooms for primary care and delaying treatment until their conditions turn severe. She says to expect legislation to delete the provision of coverage to people with pre-existing conditions. She predicts that costs will soar for everyone. Some in the state are moving to create a single-payer health system, which would leave existing healthcare providers in place. However, providers would be reimbursed by a single system, much like Medicare. If you are interested, you should look up Senate Bill 562-CA, which was introduced on February 17.

She suggested that we look at this website to find out more about how to advocate on healthcare issues: www.aclusocal\protect-our-healthcare.


Sharon Kinlow, Executive Director of the Fair Housing Council of San Fernando Valley, is discouraged, and she gave us discouraging words. She expects the housing crisis to worsen because of the rising costs of housing and the fact that wages do not keep up with these costs. Federal funding cuts will eliminate the ability of local communities to provide affordable housing. The working poor and seniors continue to be evicted and fall into homelessness.

Landlords need guidelines on what justifies refusing to rent to people. Currently, people with thirty-year-old convictions for a traffic violation can be denied access to rentals. Landlords are not required to rent to people holding Section 8 vouchers (subsidized rent), and rents now often exceed the amount that Section 8 allows. Applicants often wait for years to get Section 8 vouchers but then can’t find anywhere to rent. Because of increased fear of detention by the Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency, undocumented renters are afraid to report vermin or to ask for repairs on their rentals.

The issue that she has worked on for years is the lack of accessible housing for disabled people. Five percent of federal housing projects are supposed to provide wheelchair accessible units and 2 percent are supposed to meet the needs of blind and sensory-impaired people, but developers regularly ignore this requirement with impunity, and the same developers win bids for construction of housing units all over Southern California.

When Kinlow was unable to find housing for one disabled woman, her organization sued the county. Over $50 million of taxpayers’ money was spent to defend the county. Kinlow urges us to advocate for negotiated solutions that do not consume money in lawsuits—solutions that result in compliance with laws protecting the disabled. As a result of her lawsuit, the county was ordered to construct four thousand handicapped-accessible units, but she fears that the county will use Measure H funds (approved in last month’s election) to provide money to retrofit existing housing units and to pay legal costs, so no new housing would be built with those funds. Affordable housing needs to be a priority for anyone concerned about quality of life for all people.

The final speaker was Carmen Iguina, who specializes in immigrants’ rights at the ACLU. The League asked Carmen to focus on the possible consequences for cities that declare themselves “Sanctuary Cities.”

There is no legal definition of what constitutes a Sanctuary City. The federal government may create a definition that would enable it to label a city as a Sanctuary if it actively hinders or prevents the enforcement of immigration laws, prevents the collection of immigration status from public records, or facilitates the shelter of illegal immigrants. Being identified as a Sanctuary City could lead to denial of federal funds.

One of the main issues is the need to keep local law enforcement agencies from pursuing federal immigration laws and to refuse to allow the federal government to deputize local police to authorize and require them to enforce immigration laws. There are several reasons why local law enforcement would not want to cooperate with the federal government:

  • Local taxpayers are paying police to enforce local regulations, and the money and manpower are lacking to expand their role.
  • Undocumented residents are much less likely to report crimes if they fear the police will detain them because of their status. Already there has been a huge drop in the reporting of rapes.
  • Racial profiling can result from police using “reasonable cause” to suspect and detain anyone who “looks foreign.” Many US citizens could be wrongfully detained.
  • If the police work with federal law enforcement, their computerized records would be open to look for evidence of undocumented residents.
  • People could fear using any government agency.


People arrested for crimes could be detained longer than the law allows so ICE can come pick them up.

It is unclear whether the Executive Order(s) related to undocumented people will stand up to court challenges or will actually carry through on threats to strip sanctuary entities of federal funding. For one thing, the legislative branch is in charge of passing laws and budgeting funding, not the president, and it would be hard to imagine senators voting to keep money from their own states. For another, the orders clearly violate the tenth amendment, which has only ever been used to stop the federal government from compelling states to enforce federal statutes. They also violate the principle of due process.

Detained immigrants are in a terrible bind. They may be deported even though they may be in real danger of being killed when they return to their countries of origin. They may be torn from their families and unable to return to the United States ever again. As noncitizens, they have no constitutional right to legal advice or representation.
Iguina encouraged us to consider supporting measures similar to “The California Values Act,” SB54-CA, introduced last December by state senate leader Kevin de Leon. The proposed law specifically prevents local and state law enforcement from being enlisted to enforce federal immigration laws. A better solution would be comprehensive immigration law reform at the federal level, but neither major party has had the will or the way to address this, even though it would prevent the disrespect for the law and the government and the cost and human damage that the current situation creates.

Working Together to Fight Climate Change

ClimateChange2017

LWV-PA 6th Annual Climate Change Forum
Saturday, April 1, 2017
First United Methodist Church
500 E. Colorado Blvd.  Pasadena, CA 91101

Photos are here

Part 1 video: La Ronda Bowen
Part 2 video: Nate Lewis
Part 3 video: Ed Avol

LWV strongly advocates reducing climate emissions now, before there is irreparable damage to the Earth and its inhabitants. From the LWVUS website, “Climate change is the greatest environmental challenge of our generation. The League supports legislative solutions, including setting caps on greenhouse gas and carbon pollution, encouraging conservation and renewable energy and investing in a new clean energy economy.… The League works to build grassroots support for action on climate change nationally and at the state and local levels in order to avoid irrevocable damage to our planet.”

Post-election US energy policy is uncertain, but there is a strong possibility that some vital policies will be eliminated or degraded. How can California and its citizens effectively influence the federal policy outcome? If federal policy becomes less supportive and/or more restrictive, how can California achieve its greenhouse gas emission goals? The California Air Resources Board (CARB) has the responsibility for meeting CA Senate Bill SB32 climate emission goals of cutting California greenhouse gases 40 percent below their level of 1990. Climate scientists believe that global emission reductions at this rate will be required to limit global temperature increases to 2° C.

Our first speaker, La Ronda Bowen, CARB Ombudsman, will present “Meeting California’s SB32 Emission Goals in an Age of Federal Policy Uncertainty.” She will educate us about current California emissions achievements and plans, the policy roles of California and the United States, and challenges if California takes over some of the federal roles.

Successful government climate regulations and carbon pricing depend critically on energy research and development (R&D) to provide cost-effective technology. Our second speaker, Nate Lewis, Caltech chemistry professor, will give an “Overview of Global Low-Carbon Energy Technology” and discuss the Caltech/Berkeley “Fuel from Sunlight” R&D.

“Fuel from Sunlight” uses sunlight energy to split water into oxygen and renewable, carbon-free hydrogen. This laboratory research has achieved the initial goal of being 10 times more efficient than natural photosynthesis. The remaining goal is to produce cost- effective hydrogen on large scales, thus providing cost-efficient energy storage.

Finally, Edward Avol, Professor of Clinical Medicine at USC Keck School of Medicine, will present “Global Human Health Effects of Climate Change,” examining climate change adaptation. For example, increased temperatures and humidity promote the spread of disease-carrying mosquitoes, but modern science is developing genetic modifications to mosquitos so that they can no longer carry disease.

The climate forum is a free public event, coordinated by LWV-PA with ten cosponsors. League members are encouraged to attend as part of their preparation for grassroots advocacy and action.

—George Null, LWV-PA Natural Resources Director

This year’s forum included a short ten-minute speech by Congresswoman Judy Chu on recent post-election federal climate policy developments. She emphasized the challenge posed by federal government climate deniers and her intention to support the US climate change science community.

There were three scheduled speakers. The first was La Ronda Bowen, California Air Resource Board (CARB) Ombudsman, who reviewed California’s climate policy, achievements, and plans. The new policy goal is to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions 40 percent below 1990 levels by 2030. Transportation produces 35 percent of total GHG emissions and electric power used to transport water accounts for about 40 percent of electricity used. The speaker urged attendees to reduce their carbon footprint by conserving water and choosing zero-emission or low-emission vehicles.

Caltech Chemistry Professor Nate Lewis presented historic data relating GHG levels to global temperatures and reviewed the Paris climate accord. Finally, he described the Caltech/Berkeley research and development project “Fuel from Sunlight,” which, if successful, will use sunlight energy to efficiently disassociate water, producing carbon-free hydrogen for fuel-cell vehicles and power-plant energy backup. He identified the potential benefits of an efficient all-renewable energy system, which would eliminate fossil fuels by economic competition. He emphasized that potential EPA federal funding cuts could delay or eliminate “Fuel from Sunlight” R&D, that state funding may be needed, and that Governor Brown will probably have to redeem his pledge that California would act if the United States doesn’t.

Keck-USC Professor Edward Avol discussed the effect of climate change on human health. He said that climate scientists predict many more extreme-heat days and that expected warmer, moister conditions will produce more mosquitoes. He described the resulting increase in mosquito-borne diseases, such as Zika.

Effecting Change in Government

Democracy-Wise

Monday March 13 at 7pm
Vroman’s Main Store
695 E. Colorado Blvd. Pasadena, CA 91101

Vroman’s list of resources and books for this series is here.

Like the LVW-PA, Vromans Bookstore of Pasadena is a key institution in helping everyone to stay informed. On Monday, March 13th, the League will partner with Vromans to present the second in a bipartisan speaker series, Democracy Wise, designed to educate on key topics important to our democratic system.

“Effecting Change in Government,” is the topic covered by three League members, President Elect Dorothy Keane, Director of Advocacy, Donovan Steutel, and Director of Development, Sally Hoover. The heart of presentation is information on how we can influence policy and effect change. History has proven that one person can make a difference.

Donovan will cover many of the effective basic approaches to getting our voices heard by elected officials at all levels of government, including advantages/disadvantages of written letters, phone calls, emails, and personal visits. Our ability to have direct contact with the elected is the cornerstone of democracy and makes a difference but only if we act. Dorothy will provide information on the ultimate citizen participation which is to be sure everyone is registered to vote and does vote each and every election. Sally will speak on some general background on trends in the citizen participation attempts to have our voices heard and offer a call to action.

They will speak to this topic and answer questions like: Do petitions work? Is it better to call or write your representative? Does it make a difference when you do? What is the effect of a march? How do you “fight city hall” locally? How do we as citizens influence policy and effect change? Questions will be taken from the audience.